Investors are starting to worry that the Federal Reserve is behind the curve and will need to hike rates aggressively to slow inflation.
The S&P 500 was positive for most of last week, but slid into the red on Friday afternoon. It ended with a drop of 1.8 percent between February 4 and February 11. The Nasdaq fared even worse, crumbling 3 percent. Meanwhile, 10-year Treasury yields jumped to their highest levels since mid-2019.
|Biggest Gainers in the S&P 500 Last Week|
|Newell Brands (NWL)||+14%|
|Freeport McMoRan (FCX)||+11%|
|Royal Caribbean Cruises (RCL)||+11%|
|Tyson Foods (TSN)||+11%|
|Micron Technology (MU)||+11%|
Consumer prices rose more than expected in January for the fifth straight month. The 7.5 percent year-over-year gain was also the highest reading since February 1982. Interest-rate markets quickly priced in a 50-basis point hike next month, reflecting a fear that policymakers have lost control of inflation. Futures now anticipate almost two percentage points of tightening this year, twice the amount indicated by the central bank in December. (See the screenshot of the CME FedWatch Tool below.)
Consumer sentiment plunged to a 10-year low in response. Wealthy households accounted for most of the drop because they think inflation will reduce purchasing power and weigh on the stock market. The University of Michigan, which runs the survey, said numbers may foreshadow “a sustained downturn in consumer spending.”
Worries about inflation and interest rates could remain in focus this week — especially with minutes from the last Fed meeting due on Wednesday afternoon.
Large-cap growth stocks led the selling. That’s consistent with recent trends of investors rotating away from prominent Nasdaq companies in favor of value stocks. The rate-sensitive real estate sector also slumped.
The biggest gainers were energy companies and metal producers, which potentially benefit from inflation. Travel stocks, including airlines and cruise ships, advanced as coronavirus infections kept falling.
Speaking of vacations, Walt Disney (DIS) said revenue from theme parks and hotels doubled from the pandemic lows. Streaming-video growth also surprised to the upside. That helped the Dow Jones Industrial Average member beat estimates and jump more than 5 percent — its best week in over a year.
Tyson Foods (TSN) surged thanks to higher meat prices. Newell Brands (NWL) beat top- and bottom-line estimates as management boosted sales and continued to simplify its business model.
Charting the S&P 500
As noted last week, the S&P 500 appears to be settling into a range under its January 10 low of 4,582. That could make some chart watchers think its two-year uptrend has ended. In another potentially bearish sign, the index fell back under its 200-day moving average. Will traders look for a retest of the January lows under 4300?
Both indexes also seem to have formed bearish flags. That’s when prices rebound partially after a sharp drop. Trend followers may view those patterns as signs of further downside risk.
The Week Ahead
This week could be dominated by the release of Fed minutes on Wednesday. The central bank has previously used the minutes to introduce policy changes, like shrinking its balance sheet. There’s also housing data and earnings from about 60 members of the S&P 500.
Today is relatively quiet, but tomorrow brings another inflation report: the producer price index. Marriott (MAR), Airbnb (ABNB), Wynn Resorts (WYNN) and Devon Energy (DVN) announce quarterly results.
|Biggest Decliners in the S&P 500 Last Week|
|Lumen Technologies (LUMN)||-19%|
|Zebra Technologies (ZBRA)||-12%|
|Under Armour (UAA)||-11%|
|Advanced Micro Devices (AMD)||-8.4%|
Retail sales are due Wednesday morning, along with NAHB’s homebuilder sentiment index and crude-oil inventories. Fed minutes follow at 2 p.m. ET. Big technology firms issue their numbers after the closing bell: Nvidia (NVDA), Cisco Systems (CSCO) and Applied Materials (AMAT).
Housing starts, building permits and initial jobless claims lead the action Thursday morning. Walmart (WMT) reports earnings as well.
Friday’s items include results from Deere (DE) and Draftkings (DKNG), plus existing-home sales.